Connect with others who understand.

sign up log in
Resources
About MyAsthmaTeam

Connect with others who understand.

sign up log in
Resources
About MyAsthmaTeam

What People With Asthma Should Know About Getting a Second COVID-19 Booster Shot

Posted on July 21, 2022
Medically reviewed by
Robert Hurd, M.D.
Article written by
Manuel Penton, M.D.

  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has approved a second COVID-19 booster shot of the messenger RNA (mRNA) vaccines for people over 50 years old and those who are immunocompromised.
  • Recent studies found that most people who were immunocompromised had a strong immune response to mRNA vaccines for COVID-19.
  • The Allergy & Asthma Network advises people with asthma to get vaccinated against COVID-19, as long as they aren’t allergic to ingredients in the vaccine.

The CDC and U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have authorized and recommended a second COVID-19 booster shot for people 50 and over and those with immunocompromising conditions.

The Allergy & Asthma Network encourages people with asthma to get vaccinated and boosted against COVID-19 “as soon as possible,” as long as they aren’t allergic to the vaccine itself or any of its ingredients.

The New Recommendations

Some important details about these recommendations include the following:

  • This booster is for people who received their first booster at least four months ago.
  • This fourth shot would be of either the Moderna or Pfizer vaccines, not the Johnson & Johnson vaccine.
  • Even if you were previously vaccinated with the Johnson & Johnson vaccine, it is now recommended that this next dose be a Moderna or Pfizer vaccine only.
  • For those who are immunocompromised and received a three-dose primary vaccination followed by an initial booster, this additional booster counts as a fifth shot.

How Booster Shots Can Protect People With Asthma

If you already had your first booster shot, you may be wondering what experts say about whether additional boosters are effective for people with asthma. The Allergy and Asthma Foundation of America states, “People who are unvaccinated and not boosted are at the higher risk of getting COVID-19, spreading it to other people, and becoming hospitalized and/or dying of the virus.” The organization encourages people who have not been boosted to do so as soon as possible.

The CDC’s list of underlying medical conditions explicitly lists asthma among the conditions that put people at higher risk of severe illness if they get COVID-19. Talk with your doctor if you have questions about your eligibility for an additional COVID-19 vaccine dose.

“I took the second COVID booster shot the day before yesterday,” wrote one MyAsthmaTeam member. “Doing fine, but it did make me very tired and achy.” Another wrote, “I got my booster shot and flu shot. VERY important to keep vaccinated.”

Why Booster Shots Matter

Research indicates that antibody levels are likely to decrease over time, so getting booster doses at recommended intervals is necessary — even for vaccinated people who made antibodies after their initial shots.

Simply making antibodies does not always translate to complete immunity from COVID-19 infection. The findings from recent studies, however, are promising. In one study of immunocompromised people with cancer, researchers tested levels of antibodies (proteins the immune system makes to help destroy a target). In this case, the antibodies were to SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes COVID-1), made in response to the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine.

On average, antibodies against the coronavirus were identified after the second vaccine dose in about 90 percent of the study’s 515 participants. These results are considered a good sign that vaccines using mRNA — which include those by Moderna and Pfizer — for COVID-19 can trigger strong responses, even in people with compromised immune systems. It’s evidence that vaccines can protect people at higher risk of severe infections.

One study of 253 people with severe asthma, most of whom were on biologic treatment, found that the vaccinations were safe: Most study participants experienced no side effects, and those who did reported only minor effects. The study authors wrote, “The negligible proportion of patients reporting side effects and the absence of asthma exacerbations are relevant to support the COVID-19 vaccination campaign in severe asthma patients worldwide.”

According to the CDC, getting vaccinated is still the best way to protect yourself and slow the spread of the virus. If you are unvaccinated due to immunodeficiency, an autoimmune disease, or cancer treatment or because you are an organ transplant recipient, this new research should give you confidence to speak with your health care provider about when a COVID-19 vaccine would be right for you.

Find Your Team

On MyAsthmaTeam, the social support network for people with asthma and their loved ones, members come together to ask questions, give advice, and share their stories with others who understand.

Are you considering getting a second booster shot? Have you discussed any concerns with your health care provider? Share your insights in the comments below, or start a conversation by posting on your Activities page.

All updates must be accompanied by text or a picture.
Robert Hurd, M.D. is a professor of endocrinology and health care ethics at Xavier University. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Learn more about him here.
Manuel Penton, M.D. is a medical editor at MyHealthTeam. Learn more about him here.

Related articles

Each case of asthma is categorized in two different ways: by what triggers symptoms and by the...

Types of Asthma

Each case of asthma is categorized in two different ways: by what triggers symptoms and by the...
Eosinophilic asthma is a severe form of asthma that involves high levels of inflammatory cells...

What Is Eosinophilic Asthma?

Eosinophilic asthma is a severe form of asthma that involves high levels of inflammatory cells...
Asthma is a very common chronic disease that affects 1 in 12 children under the age of 17 in the...

Asthma in Infants: Treatments, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and More

Asthma is a very common chronic disease that affects 1 in 12 children under the age of 17 in the...
Exercise-induced asthma — more accurately described as exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB)...

Exercise-Induced Asthma: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatments

Exercise-induced asthma — more accurately described as exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB)...
Asthma is a chronic lung condition that affects millions of people worldwide. Nearly 25 million...

Asthma — An Overview

Asthma is a chronic lung condition that affects millions of people worldwide. Nearly 25 million...

Recent articles

Asthma, an inflammatory condition that can lead to shortness of breath, has many different...

Understanding the Relationship Between Vitamin D and Asthma

Asthma, an inflammatory condition that can lead to shortness of breath, has many different...
If you’re living with asthma, you’re already aware of the impact that the condition can have on...

Asthma Awareness: How To Get Involved

If you’re living with asthma, you’re already aware of the impact that the condition can have on...
Asthma affects more than 5 million children in the United States, and it can cause symptoms such...

Take the Poll: What’s the Most Frustrating Lifestyle Change Your Child Experiences Due to Asthma?

Asthma affects more than 5 million children in the United States, and it can cause symptoms such...
If your child has asthma, it’s a good idea to discuss with their doctor when and how to use...

Talking To Your Child’s Doctor About Asthma Treatment

If your child has asthma, it’s a good idea to discuss with their doctor when and how to use...
It’s important to prepare ahead of time for your child with asthma to start a new school...

Getting Back to School While Living With Childhood Asthma

It’s important to prepare ahead of time for your child with asthma to start a new school...
Various types of medications are available to treat moderate to severe asthma in...

Treatments for Moderate to Severe Childhood Asthma

Various types of medications are available to treat moderate to severe asthma in...
MyAsthmaTeam My asthma Team

Thank you for subscribing!

Become a member to get even more:

sign up for free

close